If a drone is flying in your immediate vicinity and you are uncomfortable, notife the pilot. It is important to document the behaviour of the pilot and the drone, for example on a mobile phone.
The drone pilot is obliged to get your consent to take off or land his drone, but not to fly over your property, such as a meadow. However, according to the rules pilot with his flying drone must keep a safe distance from all people and buildings, not endanger anyone and respect the right to privacy.
Immediately notify the pilot that you do not agree with his behaviour and wish him to stop operating the drone. In case the agreement does not help, contact the Police of the Czech Republic.
The drone is not registered, but its operator (usually the owner of the drone). For operators under the age of 18, the legal representative will perform the registration on their behalf. Registration can be done on the dron portal managed by the Civil Aviation Authority.
The registration obligation applies to you if your drone is:
- heavier than 250 g or capable of a speed exceeding more than 19 m/s; or
- equipped with a camera (regardless of resolution) or other sensor capable of recording personal data (the only exception to this requirement is devices certified as toys up to 250 g).
The online pilot test and registration are free.
Once you register, you will receive a drone operator registration number, which must be prominently displayed on all drones you own, including privately built ones.
The operator registration number should be in the format CZE as the Member State code, followed by 12 alphanumeric characters generated by the system, a checksum and three non-public characters (these are not placed on the drone). The whole string is part of the operator's registration number.
The registration number must be placed on the drone in such a way that this information is legible at least when the drone is on the ground without the need for any device other than dioptric glasses or contact lenses. A QR code may also be used. If the dimensions of the drone do not allow the marking to be displayed in a visible manner on the fuselage, or if it is a model representing a real aircraft where the attachment of the marking would spoil the realism of the representation, it is acceptable to place the marking inside the battery compartment.
The online pilot test is not mandatory only if:
- the drone is marked with a C0 class label;
- is not equipped with a camera;
- is certified as a toy;
- weighs less than 250 g and is privately produced.
The online test consists of 40 multiple-choice questions that are spaced to cover the following topics:
- aviation safety;
- airspace restrictions;
- aviation regulations;
- limitations on human performance;
- operational procedures;
- general knowledge of unmanned systems;
- privacy and data protection;
- protection against illegal acts.
At least 30 correct answers are required for successful completion.
The test must be completed within 60 minutes of starting the test. For operators under the age of 18, the legal representative will perform the registration on their behalf. After the second unsuccessful attempt, the pilot must register again and the opportunity to take the test will be restored. To prepare for the online theoretical knowledge test, we recommend using the online training and information tab.
Flying toys up to 250 g are not subject to registration, even if equipped with a camera. These are products under Directive 2009/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on the safety of toys, compliance with this Directive must be indicated on the product packaging.
On the other hand, a drone that is not a toy should have a clear label on the packaging indicating that it is not a product for children under 14 years of age (labelled "14+"). Even though it may still be unclear to distinguish the markings of toys, we recommend that all users thoroughly read the instructions, where the relevant information should be given.
In both the open and specific category of operation, the operator registers his/her person and then a registration number will be generated for him/her, which will be displayed on all drones operated by him/her.
In cases where the remote pilot is also the operator of the drone (which is the case for most private individuals), this person will carry out the registration of both the operator and the remote pilot, including an online test.
All drone operations carried out in EU Member States must comply with drone regulations, regardless of the nationality of the operator or remote pilot. As a non-resident, you are required to register with the Civil Aviation Authority of the first EU country in which you wish to operate your drone.
You will then be issued with a "drone operator registration number", which must be prominently displayed on all drones you own and will operate in EU countries. You must also upload the number to the drone's remote identification system if the drone is equipped with one. Once registered in the host country, the drone operator's registration will be valid in all EU countries.
The category of operation is determined by the weight of the drone and the type of flight (where you plan to fly, how high etc.). The quickest way to determine the category is the Dronald app - A clear guide to the rules of flying with drones.
The subcategory is specified by either:
- a class label (in addition to the CE mark) C0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 on your drone; or
- the maximum take-off weight of your drone for privately built drones or drones without a class label (called legacy drones).
|Open category - operating restrictions
The maximum height allowed for drone flight is 120 metres above the ground. However, it is necessary to check in DronView app before flying whether the area you plan to fly in has a lower height limit.
Each EU Member State will designate geographical drone zones, i.e. areas where drones are not allowed to fly (e.g. in nature parks, city centres or near airports) or where they can only fly under certain conditions or, conversely, where they can fly beyond the normal rules.
That is why it is important that you check the current range of possible restrictions before each flight, ideally DronView mobile and web app in the Czech Republic.
If you operate your drone in the open category, you must not fly over people who have not given their consent. The CAA adds that in the A1 subcategory of operation, overflight of an univolved persons is possible in principle, but at the same time, if possible (which it usually is), the pilot should avoid overflying univolved persons in the operation. A similar procedure is then followed in relation to persons in vehicles or buildings.
Before the flight:
- complete the training and examinations required for the type of flights you will operate;
- have relevant up-to-date information about the geographical zones listed in DronView app;
- check for obstacles and the presence of an uninvolved persons in the operation of the drone;
- check that the drone is suitable for the intended operation.
During flight in open category of operation:
- keep the drone at a sufficient distance so that you can always see it clearly; you can use a drone observer to monitor the airspace. The observer must be standing next to you so that they can immediately communicate if he sees an obstacle and give you appropriate instructions, e.g. to land the drone immediately;
- if you or the drone observer sees another (especially manned) aircraft, give way, make sure you are far enough away from it, land immediately if in doubt;
- comply with the restrictions imposed by geographical zones;
- operate the drone according to the manufacturer's user manual;
- do not fly your drone at the scene of an emergency (e.g. in the event of an accident, keep a sufficient distance in case an air ambulance helicopter has to land on the scene);
- do not fly the drone if you have taken psychoactive/hallucinogenic substances or alcohol or are unfit to fly the drone due to illness.
Additional duties within the operation in a specific category:
- ensure that the operating environment is in accordance with the operational authorization granted by the Civil Aviation Authority;
- ensure that the air navigation service provider, airspace users and other stakeholders are informed of the planned operation.
An uninvolved person is defined as a person who has not consented to the operation of the drone or who is unaware of the instructions and safety precautions issued by the drone operator.
A person is considered a participant if he or she chooses to be part of the drone operation, understands the risk and is able to check the drone's position during flight. To be considered "involved" in the operation, a person must:
- give explicit consent to participate in the operation (e.g. consent to drone overflight);
- receive instructions and safety precautions from the drone operator or pilot to be apply in the event of an emergency;
- to devote itself to drone operation only at a given time, to control the drone's position, and to take measures to avoid a collision in the event of an accident.
Information on the ticket/sign/leaflet that a drone will be used during the event is not considered sufficient. The drone operator must have individual explicit consent and must make sure that people understand the risk and the procedures to be taken in an emergency.
Examples of non-participants:
- spectators gathered at sporting activities, concerts or other mass events;
- people on the beach or in the park, walking in the streets.
- DELEGATED COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2019/945 of 12 March 2019 on unmanned systems and third-country operators of unmanned systems;
- COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2019/947 of 24 May 2019 on rules and procedures for the operation of unmanned aircraft;
- REGULATION (EU) 2018/1139 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 4 July 2018 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishment of a European Union Aviation Safety Agency, amending Regulations (EC) No 2111/2005, (EC) No 1008/2008, (EU) No 996/2010, (EU) No 376/2014 and Directives 2014/30/EU and 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Regulations (EC) No 552/2004 and (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91;
- GENERAL PROVISIONS issued by the Civil Aviation Authority, detailing national operating rules.
- for drones sold on the European market, which means:
- when operating in the open category:
- drones marked with a C Class label (according to EU Regulation 2019/945) ranging from C0 to C6 from lighter to heavier models;
- drones without a C Class label,
- when operating in a "specific" category, all drones belonging into that category, including drones without CE marking.
- when operating in the open category:
- for privately built drones for private use.
In the Czech Republic, the minimum age of remote pilots operating unmanned systems independently is set at 16 years.
If you operates a drone weighing more than 20 kg, you must have your drone insured. However, most EASA member states require liability insurance even if you operate a drone smaller than this. You should therefore pay attention to the national regulations of the country concerned.
In the Czech Republic, the operation of an unmanned aircraft is associated with the obligation of proper insurance of the operator's liability for damage caused by the operation of the unmanned aircraft. However, an exception is the individual recreational and sport operation of an unmanned aircraft with a maximum take-off weight of up to 20 kg (this does not apply to operation as part of aerial public performance).