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Transition periods

Harmonised European rules for drone operations have been published since 2019. As well as working on their gradual development, care must also be taken to ensure their gradual and safe integration into the legislative environment of the national EU Member States (e.g. in the Czech Republic with the current Measure of a general nature LKR10-UAS). In order to maintain legal continuity while meeting the technical requirements, we are now following the rules of the so-called transition period. The two-year transition period is defined by EU Regulation 2019/947. Due to the overlapping of national and European legislation, the orientation of the validity of the individual rules may not be obvious at first glance, so we divide it into the following categories for easier understanding.

I fly in open category with drone without C0 label

Until 31 December 2023, according to the rules set out in Article 22 of EU Regulation No. 2019/947. From 1 January 2024, according to the rules set out in Article 20 of EU Regulation No. 2019/947.

These rules are interesting for most of today's drone operators on the Czech market. For now, only a very small number of drones have a class label, but more and more are coming to the market. For the transition period, the following applies:

Until 31.12.2023:

  • Drones up to 250 g - I operate according to the rules for category A1, without an online test;
  • drones up to 500 g - I operate according to rules for category A1 (only part for C1 drones), without an online test;
  • drones up to 2 kg - I operate according to the rules of category A2 (min. distance from people is fixed, however, 50 m), incl. A2 test at the CAA;
  • drones up to 25 kg - I operate according to category A3 rules, with online test A1/A3).

  • From 1 January 2024:

  • Drones are divided into A1 (up to 250 g) and A3 (250 g to 25 kg) categories.
  • Details of the individual categories of operation (A1-A3) can be found here.

    I fly in open category with a drone with C0-C6 label

    Dron with label

    I fly in a specific category of operation

  • Usually through an Operational Authorization granted by the Civil Aviation Authority, or
  • I use pre-made PDRAs, or
  • I will individually prepare a SORA risk assessment.
  • As of 1 January 2024 with C5 and C6 class drones I can start using standard scenarios and only report the operation to the CAA. If I am an operator with more experience and amount of operation, I am considering obtaining a LUC authorization so that I can approve the operation myself.

    I fly with a model aircraft

    Until 31/12/2022 I fly according to the rules of Supplement X (enabled by Article 22 of EU Regulation 2019/947)). From 1/1/2023 according to the rules for open or specific category.

    From 1.1.2023 I fly according to the rules for the open category, as well as drones without a class label - rules by weight see above. If I am a member of a club on the CAA's register, until 31.12.2023 I fly according to the rules of Supplement X and the rules of the club (made possible by the fiction of the authorization to operate according to Article 16 of EU Regulation 2019/947 resulting from the decision of the Ministry of Transport and the Civil Aviation Authority. I need to apply to the CAA for an operational authorization on behalf of the club by 30 June 2023, otherwise (or if the application is not granted) I must fly under the open category rules from 1 January 2024.
    Within the operation of model aircrafts we distinguish between operation in clubs and associations of aircraft modelers and operation outside these organisations. For more information about the operation of modelers.

    I fly at night

  • LI fly according to the rules 2019/947 - I keep the drone in sight during flight and the drone is equipped with a green flashing light.
  • Although European legislation allows flying a drone at night in principle, we, together with the Civil Aviation Authority, appeal for maintaining the safety of such operations and indeed to keep the drone in sight at all times. The legal and safe distance of the drone from the pilot will therefore be significantly less than when flying during the day, depending on the level of ambient light.

    Police and firefighting drones fly according to European harmonised rules from 1 January 2023, drones for military, search or border protection purposes fly according to Supplement X and other regulations.